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NEUROBEHAVIORAL

CONSEQUENCES OF SLEEP DISORDERED BREATHING

 The consequences of sleep disordered breathing in children – snoring and sleep apnea are not the same as those found in adults.

·         Children usually do not usually exhibit excessive daytime sleepiness.  They act out their tiredness with inappropriate emotional behavior

·         The attention span of children with sleep disordered breathing is extremely short

·         Children with sleep disordered breathing have delayed development of motor skills

·         Children with sleep disordered breathing have lower levels of academic achievement

·         Cognitive development is slow in children with sleep disordered breathing

·         Children with sleep disordered breathing have diminished ability to develop and sustain an organized, future-oriented and flexible approach to problem solving (executive dysfunction)

·         There is a very high incidence of ADHD in children with obstructed sleep breathing

·         Children who snore are more likely to have attention and hyperactivity problems.  If untreated they are likely to become worse four years later

 

 THESE FOUR ILLUSTRATIONS REPRESENT THE MALLAMPATI INDEX, USED BY DOCTORS TO RATE THE PATENCY OF THE ORAL AIRWAY BASED ON THE POSITION OF THE TONGUE RELATIVE TO THE SOFT PALATE.

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